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History

The district is named after the mythological Hindu saint Vibhandak Rishi,also called Bhindi Rishi. During Vedic period this region was ruled by Yadu,the son of King Yayati.Historically during Mahabharat Era, this region was under the reign of Chedi King Shishupal.King Yadav Krishna later established Yadav rule in this area. During Mahajanapada period Chedi had prominent position. Later this area came under Chandels.Later on royal rajput rajawat' defeated Chandels and brought Bhind under Chauhan Dynasty. The State of Madhya Bharat was formally inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, on 28 May 1948 at Gwalior. Scindia and Holkar were sworn in as the Rajpramukh and Up-Rajpramukh, respectively. It was decided to divide the Union into six districts and Bhind was one among them. As a result of reorganization of states Madhya Bharat was added to Madhya Pradesh state 1 November 1956.

Mythology and history

  • Ganesh mandir is an ancient Ganesh temple built at the ghats of Gauri pond.
  • Dandraua Hanuman Mandir is an ancient Hanuman mandir.Hanuman ji is best known as Dr.Hanuman.People from all walk of life come in flocks to get rid of incurable diseases.The temple is situated in Mehgaon District. DandrauaSarkar
  • Alampur is a town known for the ancient Chhatri of Malhar Rao Holkar built in 1766.
  • Vankhandeshwar mandir is an ancient Shivalaya built by Prithviraj Chauhan.
  • Naarada (Lahar) is the place where mythological divine saint Maharshi Narada prayed.
  • Maharshi Bhindee Bhind was the ground of Maharshi Bhindee's dacoit life.
  • Pandari is a village in Bhind Tehsil,where Pandavas took refuge during Agyatvas period of their banishment.Pandari is originated from the word Pandav Vati.
  • Lavan is village in Bhind Tehsil, birth place of Vishnudas,who was the predecessor to Tulsidas for RamKatha (Story of Rama), he was also named Sahajnath.
  • Bhawani Gauri Sarover is a pond built at Bhind town by Pritivi Raj Chauhan.
  • Machhand is a village in Mihona Tehsil,noted as the place of penance of Machhendranath, the Guru of Guru Gorakhnath.
  • Bijpuri is a village in Bhind Tehsil,renowned for the Samadhi of Sage Gwalav, after which Gopachal fort came to be known as Gwalior Fort.
  • Boreshwar is a temple in Ater Tehsil at Dulhagan village and contains an ancient Shiva temple.
  • Sapad-Sammana are the names of the villages on the banks of river Chambal where Mythological sage Shringi Rishi's Ashram was situated. Shringi Rishi performed 'Putreshti Yagya' for king Dasharath.
  • Mehoni village was the capital of Bundelkhand during 10th-13th century known as Veerghar ruled by King Veerpal Bundela.
  • Chilonga Village is situated on the bank of Chambal River, and is notable for the residential town of Bhadauria (Clan Of Ancient Ruler Rajput Of Bhind and other area of Chambal) and for Shala Wale BaBa's Ashram.
  • Pidora is a small village near Bhind notable for the contributions of Shri Aasharam Chaudhary (Motebaba) and Shri Rajaram Samadhiya to a school, hospital, post office and other developments in the village.
  • Andor is a village near to Chheemaka village.
  • Andori village 50% young man in Indian army.[clarification needed]
  • Bhadawar Maharaj's Fort situated in Ater town near by Bhind. Ater Fort belongs to Bhadauria dynasty. .
  • Ratan gard
  • Barhad is the name derived from many Bnayan tree in this place. There is also a Vishnu Mandir which is more than 500 years old.
  • Sage parashurama was born near Bhind.
  • Bhatmaspura village has an ancient temple of iksha purna hanuman ji and shivji ,gadaiya bali kamna purna durga two largest pond also situated near those temple.

Ravines

This region is identified by rest of India by its extensive ravines. The ravines created by gully erosion, are heavily under soil loss. The Government of Madhya Pradesh has tried to check this soil erosion and expansion of ravines by the means of watershed development and by aerial-seeding for plants like Prosopis, Acacia, and Jatropha in the ravines. But the rugged terrain is still stubborn. Once a dacoit sanctuary, these ravines now play host to tourists with a flavour for adventure.

Notable Personalities

Paan Singh Tomar:Born in the village of Bhidosa near Porsa, a small city in the Morena district , he was and Indian soldier ,athlete and Chambal Valley dacoit.A popular hindi movie Paan Singh Tomar (film) was made based on his life . He shot dead in 1983.

 

Chhatri of Malhar Rao Holkar, Alampur

Maharani Ahilya Bai Holkar built the chhatri of Malhar Rao Holkar at Alampur in Bhind district in 1766 A.D. It is marked by beautiful carvings. Built on the pattern of the chhatris of Holkar rulers at Indore, the chhatri is well known for its outstanding carving of floral and leaf patterns. The Maratha style chhatri represents a beautiful blend of shikhar dome and arch, on which Kalash has been made in a very attractive manner. The first storey of the chhatri is a pillared hall decorated with fascinating paintings.

Shri Rawatpura Dham

The noted temple of Hindu Lord Hanuman is situated at Lahar tehsil of Bhind. This place is known as Rawatpura Dham. This place is very beautiful, natural, and peaceful. This place is under in Lahar tahseel and Lahar is the too beautiful place which is related to mahabharta and related to pandav story this story is true and its get the othority of Hindu relisions.

Fort of Ater

The Fort of Ater is located near Ater town, 35 km from Bhind and 40 Km from Porsa. It was built by the Bhadauria kings Badan Singh, Maha Singh and Bakhat Singh in 1664-1668. The fort is situated on the banks of the Chambal River. There is a noted Kali temple situated at Maghera village in Ater tehsil, 15 km from Ater fort was built by Puruvanshi samaj in 1681.

Jain temples

The temple of Lord Mahavira is situated at Barason in Mehgaon tehsil. In Jain tradition, it is among the Atishaya kshetra, i.e. a place where lord Mahavira visited during his journey after getting Kaivalya (Ultimate Realization) and some miraculous things took place. This holy place is situated 14 km from Bhind town. Other Atishaya kshetra are Jain temple of Lord Nemi Nath at Pavai near Bhind town and Lord Parswa Nath at Barahi, which is 20 km from Bhind at the Bhind-Etawah district border on the bank of the Chambal.An ancient holy place called "Digambar jain PARASNATH JINALAYA" situated in village Simar Biragma,about 20 Km from Bhind and approx 6 km from Atishaya kshetra Barason. There are approximately 60 Jain temples in Bhind town itself.

Mata Renuka Temple

An ancient temple is situated at Jamdara village in Gohad tehsil, 45 km from Bhind, which was thought to be built by the mythological sage Parashurama.

Narad Dev Temple

An ancient temple of God Narad Dev is situated on the banks of the Kali Sindh. we can reach there by Lahaar Madori road . we reached madori then go to Narad Dev temple, 1 k.m. ahed.

National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary

National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on the Chambal River, and is known for its crocodiles, ghariyals, Ganges Dolphins, and numerous migratory birds. A boat cruise is organised by local forest officials. The sanctuary is 22 kilometres (14 mi) from Bhind town.

Gohad Fort

This fort at Gohad was built by the Jat king Maha Singh in the 16th century. Currently government offices are situated in its premises.

Sun Temple

The Sun temple is situated 42 kilometres (26 mi) from Bhind at Balaji near Mihona Tehsil. Also known as Balaji Temple and Mihona is good town.

Ancient Dandraua Temple

This is a temple to the Hindu God Hanuman, believed to possess curing powers. This temple attracts many devotees every Tuesday and Saturday. Another Panchmukhi Hanuman mandir in Heerapura 10 KM from Lahar.

Jamana Wale Hanuman Ji

This is a noted temple Hanuman Ji (Bajrang Bali).

Malanpur

This fast growing modern industrial area in Bhind District near Gwalior in Gohad tehsil, 65 km from Bhind town, has many industries, including modern automobile, bicycle, soaps and detergents, electronics, food and dairy products.

 

The United State of Madhya Bharat was formally inaugurated by Jawahar Lal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India on 28th May 1948 at Gwalior.Scindhia and Holkar were sworn in as the Rajpramukh and Up-Rajpramukh, respectively.It was decided to divide the Union into 6 districts and Bhind was one among them. As a result of reorganization of States on the formation of new Madhya Pradesh in November , 1956, Bhind District became a part of new Madhya Pradesh.

Puranic Bhind

During the time of Bharata war the entire betweenthe Yamuna and the Vindhyas was inhabited by the Chedis.The King Kasu Chaidya (identified with Vasu of the Mahabharata) is mentioned in a danastuti, found at the end of the hymn in the Rigveda. he puranic literature represents these Chedis as an off shoot of the Yadus. According to the puranic tradition, Manu's grandson Pururavas Aila, founder of Lunar race , extended his sway into the Gangetic doab. Malwa and Eastern Rajputana, covering most probably Bhind district also.His great grandson Yayati is said to have reduced the whole of Madhyadesha and the surrounding region. After him his son Yadu, projenitor of Yadavas , became a mornarch of the territory , that was watered by Chambal , the Betwa and the Ken. The Yadus were supplanted by the Haihayas, who were again annihilated by the Yadus of Vidarbha. A member of this royal house , named Kanishka , became the king of Chedi -desha, comprising all the land lying to the south of the Yamuna, between the Chambal and the Ken. Thus the District , evidently lying in the area came under Aryan fold. The Chedi country is mentioned in the puranic list. It was , one of the Sixteen Mahajanapadas in the 6th Century BC. After some time the Chedi king of the Yadava lineage was over thrown by Vasu, a descendant of King Kuru of Hastinapur. A few generations later , the Chedi king of this line was King Shishupala, who abused Lord Krishna during the Rajasuya ceremony of the Pandavas and was slain by him at Indraprastha.

The Nandas

In the 4th Century AD , the whole of Aryavartya was incoperated in the vast empire of the Nandas. According to the Puranic evidence Mahapadma Nanda the founder of the Dynasty was the destroyer of all the Kshatrapas ( Sarva Kshatrantaka) and the sole monarch of the earth.

The Mauryas

The distributions of Asoka's inscriptions indicate that in the 3rd Century BC he was the master of a vast empire, embracing the whole of India excepting the four states of extreme south, Asokan inscription at Gujar (in the adjacent Datia district) testfies the close association of the Mourya emperor with this region. Asoka inherited his empire from his father and grand father Bindusara and Chandragupta Mourya.

The Sungas

The last of the Maurya sovereigns, Brihadradha was murdered by his minister Pashyamitra Sunga in 187 BC and the Sunga dynasty was estableshed in the Central portion of the Maurya empire . The Sunga kings had their second capital at Vidisha.

The Early Nagas

In the first century A.D. the Gwalior region was under the rule of earlier Nagas. Padmavati(in Gwalior District),Mathura and Kantipuri(Morena District) were the headquarters of the three branches of these Naga rulers.Later the Kushanas supplanted the Nagas.

The Kushanas

Kanishka was the greatest of the Kushana emperors, His empire extended over Madhyadesha, Uttarapatha and Aparanta regions of ancient India strching from Bihar in the east to Khorasan in the west and from Khotan in the north to Konkan in the south.The District thus , was included in the Kushana empire. The downfall of Kushana power was complete in this area after the reign of Vasudeva. Their place was taken up again by the Nagas, who remained politically prominent in this area durng the third and 4th centuries AD.

The Nagas

The subsequent Naga rulers, like the earlier Nagas belonged to the three houses of Mathura , Kanthipuri and Padmavati, and ruled over territories around Padmavati Mathura and Vidisha. About 270 copper coins of various types , belonging to the Naga rulers were collected from village Akoda of Bhind District, some coins were found at Gohad also.

The Guptas

In the middle of the 4th century AD the Naga territory passed under the Gupta sovereignty.

The Hunas

During the reign of Bhanugupta (AD 495-510), or shortly before his accession , invasion of the Huna leader Toramana hastened the dissolution of the Gupta empire. The Huna empire included the territories from Punjab to Central India; even brought Magadha,Kausambi and Kasi under their sphere of influence.

The Vardhana Dynasty

In the beginning of the 7th century Ad Harshavardhan ascended the throne of Thaneshwar and became the king of Kanauj. During this dynasty Jainism flourished in the region.

The Gurjara Prathiharas

By the second quarter of the 8th century AD, this region along with Malwa came under the dynastic rule of a branch of the Gurjara Prathiharas.

The Kancchapaghatas

Vajradaman conquered Gwalior fort for Dhanga about A.D.977.After that his dynasty ruled over Gwalior region till the earlier part of the 12th Century.

The Sultanate Period

This region then passed under the occupation of the Sultans of Delhi. In the year 1195-96 Muhammad Ghuri attacked Sallakshanapala, the Pratihar chief of Gwalior Sallakshana accepted Ghuri's suzerainty and was therefore allowed to rule his territory.

The Sur Dynasty

This region later came under the sway of the Sur Dynasty.

The Mughals

The District of Bhind formed most part of the Sarkar of Agra in the Subah of Agra. The district comprised mainly the Mahal of Hatkant which had a brick fort.the Mughal rule continued till the beginning of 18th Century. The town of Gohad , which is now part of Bhind district , was founded by a jat family. The tract around this town was captured by the Jat family in the latter part of the 17th Century.In about 1736 A.D., the Maratha army led by Baji Rao I, attacked the Raja of Bhadawar, and after putting him to flight, devastated his territory. Again in 1737, Malhar Rao Holkar attacked the territory of the Raja of Bhadawar and besieged his stronghold.

Post Mughal era

Lord Cornwallis I, under another treaty concluded with the Scindhia in November 1805 , the British are to cede to Maharaja Daulat Rao Schindia (1784-1827), the fortress of Gwalior and Gohad, including Gird Gohad and the Pargana of Bhind and it's fortresses. From there the Histoty of Bhind District coincide with that of Gwalior tract. Daulat Rao Scindhia died in 1827 and was succeeded by Mugat Rao alia Jankoji Rao, a minor on adoption. He was succeeded by Jayaji Rao.After the revolt in 1857 (Sipoy revolt) Gwalior was attacked by the combined forces of Rani Laxmi Bai Rao Saheb and Tatya Tope in 1858. The British then stormed the Gwalior fort and took it on 1858 June 18. It was passed over to the Scindhia in March 1886. Jayaji Rao Scindhia passed away in June 1886 leaving behind his son Madhav Rao Scindia. madhav Rao Scindhia was invested with ruling powers on 15 December 1894. The period of his rule is described as one of consolidation and steady progress. The Gwalior Light railway from Gwalior to Bhind was constructed in 1897 and was started in 1899.On 5th June 1925 He passed away. He was succeeded by Jiwaji Rao Scindia.It was in his time the Independence movement became strong. The United State of Madhya Bharat was formally inaugurated by JawaharLal Nehru, on 28 May 1948 at Gwalior. Scindhia and Holkar were sworn in as the Rajapramukh and UpRajapramukh respectively.Bhind was one of the 6 districts of Madhya Bharat.

Bhind Profile

Bhind is the Northernmost District of Madhya Pradesh,north east of Gwalior, situated at 26°34'50" latitude and 78°48'05" longitude. The district lies in the valleys of Chambal and the Sind, between the Kunwari and the Pahuj rivers. The district spans from 25°54'5'' North to 26°47'50'' North and from 78°12'45'' East to 79°8'30'' 79°8'30'' East.

The shape of the district is semi circular, bulging towards the north east.The greatest length of Bhind district measures about 105 km south east to north west

The District is bounded by Agra and Etawa districts of Uttar Pradesh in the north and Gwalior and Datia districts in the south. The eastern boundary is closed by the districts of Etawah Auraiya and Jalaun of Uttar Pradesh in the east, where as the western and north western boundaries are common with Morena district. The north western boundary is marked by the Asan and the Kunwari rivers, the northern and eastern boundaries being traversed by the Chambal and the Pahuj.

 

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